January 31, 2012
For decades, people have been intrigued by submarines. Furthermore, many submarines have played critical roles in the World Wars. There have also been many memorable stories and movies involving submarines. The following contains information about the workings of submarines and the history that surrounds them.
What is a Submarine?
A submarine is a watercraft that has the capability of traveling far beneath the surface of the water. Submarines have a cylinder-like shape with rounded ends. Some submarines are designed to carry just a few crewmembers while others can carry dozens. These vessels can submerge to depths that a human diver would be unable to reach. They are made to function in an ocean’s deep pressure environment. The first plans for what would one day become a submarine were created in the seventeenth century thanks to the visionary thinking of Leonardo da Vinci. The plans for a submarine became a reality in 1760 when a Dutchman named Drebbel constructed a vessel that had the ability to remain underwater for three hours. Drebbel’s invention used oars to propel itself along. Today, with the help of a ballast system a submarine is able to stay underwater for months at a time. Drebbel is just one of the famous names connected with the interesting developments in the history of the submarine.
Parts of a Submarine
Even a casual admirer of submarines is familiar with some of its equipment. For instance, most people know that a periscope is used on a submarine to look at objects above the surface of the water. The tower on top of a submarine is a familiar sight to many people, but they may not be aware that it is a conning tower. The conning tower acts as the vessel’s bridge when a submarine rises to the water’s surface. When considering the parts of a submarine a person must also look at the floor plan. A diagram of a submarine displays the arrangement of its interior space. In addition, a submarine diagram allows a person to see the specific location of places such as the control room and the quarters of the crewmembers. Submarines also have space to hold all types of weapons used during wartime including bombs and missiles.
Online Tour of Submarines
An online tour of a submarine is an easy way for a person to learn about the appearance of the submarine’s interior. Also, by taking submarine online tours a person can better understand the various purposes of a submarine. A virtual tour is especially helpful to young students who are studying submarines and need to grasp what the interior of one is like. An online tour of a famous submarine can complete the picture for students eager to learn more about these incredible vessels.
Submarines in Wars
There is a long history of submarines used in various battles. For instance, there were submarines used during the Civil War. One of the most notable of the Civil War submarines was the H.L. Hunley. It was approximately forty feet long and traveled through the water with the help of a hand crank. The H.L. Hunley had success in taking down the U.S.S. Housatonic. Through the decades, the technology of submarines continued to develop and by World War II, the sonar as well as the radar of a submarine became indispensible equipment. A submarine’s sonar has the power to warn crewmembers of an attack. Individuals who want to learn about the experiences of crewmembers on submarines as well as the role submarines play in wars can do so by visiting submarine museums either online or in person.
There are many submarines that stand out in the history of the watercraft. A submarine called the Turtle was built in 1776 by a man named David Bushnell. The wooden Turtle is famous because it was the first craft of its kind to be employed in combat. Its first mission was to attack the HMS Eagle, a ship belonging to the British. Unfortunately, the mission led by a man named Sergeant Lee didn’t accomplish its purpose of attaching an explosive to the British ship. Of course, that missed opportunity would lead to further advancements in the weaponry of a submarine. People who wish to learn more about famous submarines should visit a submarine museum. Visitors can learn historical facts about famous submarines such as the USS Batfish. Reading about advances in submarine technology is another way to learn more about the history of this type of watercraft. The long history connected with the submarine reveals improvements in maneuverability, navigation, and power sources as well as in the construction of the vessel itself.